Want your own avocado tree or houseplant? There are a few ways to do it.First of all you will need to choose the best type of avocado and then proceed with the proceed of growing it indoors.
In addition to growing organic avocados, you provide a decorative plant for your home that improves air quality. Several practices influence the success for producing these indoor fruiting avocado trees:
- Use grow bags appropriate to the rooting size
- Provide lots of direct sunlight
- Select favorable nutrients and pH
- Improve pollination methods
- Incorporate grafts
- Practice pruning
Types of avocados trees well suited for growth indoors.
Holiday avocados are type A (see ‘pollinating’ section below) dwarf and weeping trees, meaning they are smaller and the branches naturally droop to the ground forming an umbrella-like shape. This tree is named ‘Holiday’ because it produces fruit between Labor Day and New Year’s Day, approximately 12-18 months after blossoming. Holidays may begin to produce fruit anytime between 5 and 13 years and can grow to a height of 10 to 12 feet with mature leaves approximately 8 inches long.
Wertz or Wurtz
Wertz avocado trees are a type A hybrid cross of Guatemalan and Mexican, growing slightly larger than Holiday trees. This is also a weeping tree with densely packed limbs and leaves. The fruit (10-20 oz.) is flavorsome with a medium-thick green peel that remains green when ripe for harvesting.
Gwen avocado trees might be slightly better at fruiting indoors. Guatemalan type A dwarfs grow to 14 feet high, fruiting between February and October. Similarly to Wertz, the medium-thick skinned fruit (6-15 oz.) is green and remains green when ripe. Gwen avocados are also hybrids growing 8 to 20 years before producing fruit.
The avocado tree is a tropical plant. It is unsuited to grow outside in cooler climates where the temperature is likely to drop below 10 degrees Celsius. Individual growers from colder climates should plant their avocado tree in a pot and move it around to ensure optimal exposure to favourable climatic conditions.
Step 1: Cut your avocado in half and carefully remove the pit. Wash off any remaining avocado flesh (you can scrub gently with a sponge but be careful not to damage the pit) under running water. Dry the pit, then carefully remove the outer layer of brown skin surrounding the seed. I find it easiest to start at the base and use my nail to scrape it away. usually the rest peels off fairly easily.
Step 2: Place three toothpicks into the avocado pit, evenly spaced around it but avoiding the crack that runs around it (see the photograph below). This is where it will eventually split open, so you don’t want to stick any toothpicks into that. Put your toothpicks in at an angle, because it helps suspend the pit in the jar of water. The top of your pit is the pointy end, the fatter more rounded bit is the bottom.
Step 3: Put your avocado pit into your jar and fill with water until the pit is half covered. It should sit suspended on the top by the toothpicks, but at an angle so the base is sunk into the water (see photograph below).
Step 4: Place the jar in a sunny spot, but avoiding anywhere in direct or harsh sunlight. Top up the jar with water as needed, and replace with fresh water if it starts to discolour. Now wait for some growth! You’ll start to see the pit split in two and a little root emerge at the bottom. It could take anywhere between a few weeks and a few months before you start to see a root appear. Your best bet is to plant a few as they’ll all grow at different rates.
-once your roots have grown a fair bit, you’ll start to see a shoot peek out from the top of the pit
-when your plant has grown a few pairs of leaves, start to pinch out the tops of any additional leaves that sprout above them to encourage side growth and a fuller plant. Otherwise you’ll end up with a tall stem with only a few leaves at the top.
-when the roots of your avocado tree are filling the glass jar and you have a decent sized shoot, you can transplant it into a pot with some soil. Leave the top part of the pit exposed in the pot, and give it a good watering.
-keep your plant somewhere with plenty of sunlight, the pit can also rot if it’s kept somewhere that isn’t light enough.
Typically trees need to be watered 2-3 times a week. As the roots reach out into the bulk soil, more water can be applied and frequency of watering diminishes to about 1 time per week by the end of a year.:
When watering the tree, soak the soil well, then, allow it to dry out somewhat before watering again. Of course, like most plants, you don’t want the tree to get too dry! The rule of thumb for mature trees is about 20 gallons of water a day during the irrigation season. Seedlings will require quite a bit less water, of course. Check the soil before watering each time to make sure it has dried somewhat. If the soil from around the roots can still hold the impression of the hand when squeezed, it still has enough water.